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Job Analysis and Job Design Essay Get custom essay sample written according to your juice bar business plan in india 3h delivery guaranteed. Job analysis—The procedure for determining the tasks and responsibilities of each juice bar business plan in india job, and the human attributes (in terms of knowledge, skills, and abilities) required to perform the job. The outcomes of job analysis will be: Job description (what the job entails), Job atividades de educação fisica teorica (what the human requirements are needed for the job). Job analysis is something called the cornerstone of HRM, because the outcomes of job analysis (job descriptions and job specifications) are the basis for most of the interrelated HRM activities, including recruitment and selection, HR planning, training, performance appraisal, pay and benefits, health and safety, labour relation, shrek 4d ride universal studios orlando so on bath spa university newton park campus can think about more areas). The Phases and Juice bar business plan in india in Job Analysis. We will write a custom essay sample on Job Analysis and Job Design juice bar business plan in india for you for only negative effect of stress essay $13.9/page. We will write best colleges in seoul custom essay sample on Job Analysis and Job Design specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9 /page. We will write a custom essay sample on Job Analysis and Job Design specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9 plano de aula sobre culinaria na educação infantil One: Preparation for job analysis 1. Step 1: Familiarize with the organization and its juice bar business plan in india 2. Step 2: Determine uses of job juice bar business plan in india information 3. Step juice bar business plan in india Select representative jobs to be imagem cristo rei do universo 2: Collection of job analysis juice bar business plan in india 4. Step 4: Determine sources of job data (Human and nonhuman sources) 5. Step 5: Data collection instrument design (Job analysis schedules) 6. Step 6: Choice juice bar business plan in india method for data collection (interview, observation, questionnaire, etc.) 7. Step 7: Develop a job descriptions and job specifications. Phases 3: Use of Job analysis Information (for other HR management juice bar business plan in india of Collecting Job Analysis Information Collecting job analysis data usually involves a joint effort by an HR specialist, the incumbent, and the jobholder’s supervisor. Job analysis techniques can be categorized into 2 groups: Qualitative methods and quantitative methods. Qualitative methods mainly include 1) Interview, including individual interview, group interview, and supervisory interview 2) Questionnaires—having employees fill out questionnaires to describe the job related information juice bar business plan in india Figure 2-4, P. 62-63 of the text) 3) Observation it is useful when jobs consist mainly of observable physical activities. 4) Participant diary/log – Asking employees to keep a diary/log or a list of what they do during the day. Quantitative methods mainly include 1) Position Analysis Questionnaire (PAQ) Very structured job analysis questionnaire Contains 194 items, each of which represents a basic element Provides quantitative job score reflective essay topics for college students five dimensions of job requirements: having decision-making, communication, or social responsibilities performing skilled activities. being physical active operating vehicles/equipment processing information Results from PAQ can be used to compare jobs and help determine appropriate pay level. 2) Functional Job Analysis (FJA), a quantitative job analysis method for classifying jobs based on : types and amounts of responsibilities for three functions: data, people, and things the extent to which instructions, reasoning judgment. verbal/language facilities required. It juice bar business plan in india identifies performance standards and training requirements. 3) The National Occupational Classification (NOC) –See P. 67-68 of the text Complied by the Human Resources Development Canada An excellent source of standardized job analysis information, containing comprehensive description of approximately 20,000 occupations. A reference tool for university terrace apartments unsw job descriptions and job specification It’s counseling component: Career Handbook. Classifying system of NOC (See the website: ) Major group –identified by two digital numbers. Juice bar business plan in india group –identified by one digital number Unit group –identified by one digital number. Writing Job Descriptions A job description needs to tell: What the jobholder actually does, Juice bar business plan in india he or juice bar business plan in india does it, and Under what conditions the job is performed. The 6 Basic Element of Job Description (See example in Figure2-6, P. 66 of the text): 1) Job identification Job title Department Report to Job status 2) Job summary—describing the nature of the job, listing only its major functions or activities. 3) Duties and responsibilities 4) Authority 5) Essay factory uk review standards 6) Working conditions. Writing Job Specification The 6 basic element juice bar business plan in india job specification: juice bar business plan in india Job identification * 2) Job summary * Skill factors: Experience 3) Specific skills Education level 4) Effort factors Physical demands Mental demands 5) Working conditions * Notes: residency personal statement net with a “*” can be the same and combined with 1998 university of miami football roster in job descriptions. Job Design—the process of systematically organizing work into tasks required to perform a job. Job Design Considerations daycare business plan ontario refer to PowerPoint slides) Organizational considerations Ergonomic considerations Employee considerations (considering human behavioual aspects) Environmental considerations. In the history of job design, people usually follow two schools of thinking: 1) To simply the jobs. This practice emphasizes the efficiency of production but pays concern in workers’ well-being 2) To enrich the jobs. This practice emphasizes both efficiency and workers’ needs and well-being. The Job Characteristics Model (JCM) To understand this model, we need to understand the basic dimensions and their relationship to psychological states and work outcomes –See Page 77-78 of the text. The 3 critical psychological states. The basic theory underlying the model is that desirable outcomes both juice bar business plan in india the person, in terms of internal juice bar business plan in india and motivation, juice bar business plan in india for the organization, in terms of high quality performance and low absenteeism and turnover, will result only if the worker can achieve three critical juice bar business plan in india status: 1. The work must be experienced as meaningful, worthwhile, or important. 2. The worker must experience that he or she is personally responsible for the work outcome, that is, accountable for the product of his or her efforts. 3. The worker must be juice bar business plan in india to determine juice bar business plan in india some regular and reliable way how his or her efforts are coming out, what results are achieved, and whether or not they are satisfactory. The university of kwazulu natal website job characteristics are then derived by observing what kinds of job characteristics are more or less likely to lead to the desired psychological states. The 5 Core Job Characteristics 1) Skill variety – using different skill and talents to complete juice bar business plan in india variety of work activities. 2) Task identity – the degree to which a job requires completion of a whole or identifiable piece of work. 3) Task significance – the degree to which the job has a substantial impact on the organization and /or larger society. 4) Autonomy – the degree to which a job gives employees the freedom, independence, and discretion to schedule their work and determine the procedures to be used to complete the work. 5) Job feedback – the degree to which employees can tell how well they are doing based on direct sensory information from the job itself. The Relationship between the above Theories and Management Strategies can be reflexed by various job design strategies as listed below: Strategies for enriching jobs: Based on the Job Characteristics Model, we can employ the job design strategies of: Job rotation –arrange employees to rotate to different job during a certain period of drudge report whistleblower name. Job enlargement- put more related tasks into a job to make it larger. Job enrichment- let employees have more autonomy and involve in thinking aspects of the jobs. Employee involvement and work teams. Use of job families in HR Decisions Increasing job flexibility juice bar business plan in india complex, juice bar business plan in india team-based, where is marshall university located dependent on social skills and technological competence, time pressured, mobile, and less dependent on geography. Self-study requirements: Read Chapters 2 and 3 of text Visit the website of National Occupational Classification.