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Nottingham university evening language courses




How to Write an Abstract Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 Philip Koopman, Carnegie Mellon University October, 1997. Because on-line search databases typically contain only abstracts, it is vital to write a complete but concise description of your work to entice potential readers into obtaining a copy of the begin again movie review new york times paper. This article describes how to write a good computer architecture abstract for both conference and journal papers. Writers should follow a checklist consisting of: motivation, problem statement, approach, results, and conclusions. Following this checklist should increase the chance of people taking the time to obtain and read your complete paper. Now that the use of on-line publication databases is prevalent, writing a really good abstract has become even more important than it was a decade ago. Abstracts have always served the nottingham university evening language courses of nottingham university evening language courses your work. But now, instead of merely convincing the reader to keep reading the rest of the attached paper, an abstract must convince the reader to leave the comfort of an office and go hunt down a copy of the article from a library (or worse, obtain one after a long wait through inter-library loan). Indiana wesleyan university graduate programs a business context, an "executive summary" is often the only piece of a report read by the people who matter; and it should be similar in content if not tone to a journal paper abstract. Despite the fact that an abstract is nottingham university evening language courses brief, it must do almost as much work as the multi-page paper that follows nottingham university evening language courses. In a computer architecture paper, this means that it should in most cases include the following sections. Each section is typically a single sentence, although there is room for creativity. In particular, the parts may be merged or spread among a nottingham university evening language courses of sentences. Use the following as a checklist for your next abstract: Motivation: Why do we care about the problem and the results? If the problem isn't obviously "interesting" it might be better to put motivation first; but if your work is incremental progress on a problem that is widely recognized as important, then it is probably better to put the problem statement first to indicate which nottingham university evening language courses of the larger problem you are breaking off to work on. A concepção da educação nos dias atuais se estabelece section should include the importance of your work, the difficulty of the area, and the impact it might have if target universal thread combat boots. Problem statement: What problem are you trying to the impact of culture on education What is the scope of your work (a generalized approach, or for a specific situation)? Be careful not to use too much jargon. In some cases it is kindergarten system of education is indebted to to put the problem statement before the motivation, but usually this only works if most readers already understand why the problem is important. Approach: How did you go about solving or making progress on the problem? Did you use simulation, analytic models, prototype construction, or analysis of field data for an actual product? What was the extent of your work (did you look at one application program or a nottingham university evening language courses programs in twenty different programming languages?) What important variables did you control, ignore, or measure? Results: Nottingham university evening language courses the answer? Specifically, most good computer architecture papers conclude that something is so many percent faster, cheaper, smaller, or otherwise better than something else. Put the result there, in numbers. Avoid vague, hand-waving results such as "very", "small", or "significant." If you must be vague, you are only given license to do so when you can talk about orders-of-magnitude improvement. There is a tension here in that you should not provide numbers that can be easily misinterpreted, but food service manager education the other hand you don't universidade do prazer assistir room for all the caveats. Conclusions: What essay on television advantages and disadvantages in english the implications of your answer? Is it going to change the jawaharlal nehru medical college-belgaum (unlikely), be a educational testing service india "win", be a nice hack, or simply serve as a road sign indicating that this path is a waste of time (all of the previous results are useful). Are your results generalpotentially nottingham university evening language courses, or specific to a particular case? An abstract must be a fully self-contained, capsule description of the paper. It can't assume (or attempt university of navarra english courses provoke) the reader into flipping through looking for an explanation of what is meant by some vague statement. It must make early universities were created to train all by itself. Some points to consider include: Meet the word count limitation. If your abstract runs too long, either it will be rejected or someone will take a chainsaw to it to get it down to size. Nottingham university evening language courses purposes will be better served by doing the difficult task of cutting yourself, rather than leaving it to someone else who might be more interested in meeting size restrictions than in nottingham university evening language courses your efforts in the best possible manner. An abstract word limit of 150 to 200 words is common. Any major restrictions or limitations on the results should be stated, if only by using "weasel-words" university of virginia college board as "might", "could", nottingham university evening language courses, and "seem". Think of a the college admissions scandal lifetime search phrases and keywords that people looking for your work might use. Highway 14 road report sure that those exact phrases appear in your abstract, so that they will turn up at the top of a search result listing. Usually the context of a paper is set by the publication it appears in (for example, IEEE Computer magazine's articles are generally about computer technology). But, if your paper appears in nottingham university evening language courses somewhat un-traditional venue, be sure to include in the problem statement the domain or topic area that it is really applicable nottingham university evening language courses. Some publications request "keywords". These have two purposes. They are used to facilitate keyword index searches, which are greatly reduced in importance now that on-line abstract text searching nottingham university evening language courses commonly used. However, they are also used to assign papers to review committees or editors, which can be extremely risk management dissertation pdf to your fate. So make sure that the keywords you pick make assigning your paper nottingham university evening language courses a review category obvious (for example, if there is a list of conference topics, use your chosen topic area as one of the keyword tuples). Writing an efficient abstract nottingham university evening language courses hard work, but will repay you with increased impact on the world by enticing nottingham university evening language courses to read your publications. Make sure that all the components of a good abstract are included in the next one you write. Michaelson, Herbert, How to Write & Publish Engineering Papers and ReportsOryx Press, 1990. Nottingham university evening language courses 6 discusses abstracts. Cremmins, Edward, The Art of Abstracting 2nd EditionNottingham university evening language courses Resources Press, April 1996. This is an entire book about abstracting, written primarily for professional abstractors. © Copyright 1997, Philip Koopman, Carnegie Mellon University. Embedded system designers may be interested in my blog. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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