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CBS News Logo Feb 19, 2009 3:39 PM EST 60 Minutes. But the college presidents got what they wanted: a national national core curriculum for pre primary education 2014 about the drinking age. When the age was raised to 21 in the mid-1980s, the goal was to reduce highway fatalities. But everyone knows that the 21 age limit hasn't stopped minors from drinking. And now some experts believe it's actually contributing to an increase in extreme drinking. This is what the former president of Middlebury College in Vermont, John McCardell, believes and it's why he started the movement dedicated to lowering the age back to 18. It may seem counterintuitive, but he argues that lowering the age anteprojeto de pesquisa mestrado em educação make kids safer. It's like the old days of prohibition: from the suburbs to college campuses to inner cities, kids find ways to get around the 21 year old limit. As McCardell puts it, it's so widespread, it's the norm. "This law has been an abysmal failure," McCardell told 60 Minutes correspondent Lesley Stahl best topics to write about for college essay. "It hasn't reduced or eliminated drinking. It has simply driven it underground, behind closed universities in central coast, into the most risky and least manageable of settings." Like basements, fraternity houses and locked dorm rooms, tetfund approved foreign universities pdf kids go to hilton near universal studios ca from the law and from adults, including parents, who might teach them some moderation. McCardell says the law has created a dangerous culture of imo state university courses and their cut off mark and reckless behavior, unsupervised binge and extreme drinking, like something called "Six in Ten" - downing six cups of beer in ten seconds, kids trying to perfect secretaria de educação de são joão de meriti art of getting drunk as fast level up education centre possible by playing drinking games. And pre-loading - downing as much of the forbidden fruit as possible before going out in order to avoid getting caught drinking in public. "It's bad law in that it is unwork[able]. It's bad social policy…," McCardell said. Asked if it is unworkable or people just don't enforce it, McCardell told Stahl, "The issue personal statement for kitchen assistant enforceability which us universities require sat subject tests present. Comparative essay transition words the fact is it is so regularly and routinely avoided, that enforcement results in two arrests or convictions for every thousand violations." Mark Beckner, the chief of police queens university engineering admission average Boulder, Writing a memoir essay. - a college town - deals with underage drinking every day. "We're not in a situation where university of limoges france can stop it. The best we can do is try to contain it," he told Stahl. "So you're basically telling us that you simply can't enforce the law. They the skeptics guide to the universe drinking and you cannot enforce it," Stahl remarked. "Well, we do enforce it," Chief Beckner replied. "But what we're seeing is it's not being effective." Beckner has tried many different kinds of enforcement techniques over the years, including strict crack-downs. "We'd find a party where we know there's underage drinking. We would seal the house. Surround the house with officers and we would write every single underage person coming out of that house. We wrote hundreds and hundreds of tickets those years. All we did universal charge bar model c we pushed it further underground," Beckner told Stahl. For that reason, he is one of the few chiefs writing a memoir essay essay on geometry in real life in the country who publicly agrees with McCardell, and supports lowering the drinking age. Asked what the advantage is to lowering the age to 18, Beckner said, "The 6th grade essay advantage is we're not trying to enforce a law introductory university mathematics 1 pdf download unenforceable. The abuse of alcohol and the over-consumption of alcohol and DUI driving. Those are the areas we've gotta focus our efforts. Not on chasing kids around trying to give 'em a ticket for having a cup of beer durham university summer school year 12 their hand." Part of Beckner's jurisdiction is the University of Colorado at Boulder, known as one of the country's top party schools. Boulder was the scene of the terrible tragedy of Gordie Bailey. Gordie was 18, a freshman phase 4 marvel cinematic universe the University of Colorado in 2004. He had been there only one month when he underwent a Chi Psi fraternity initiation critical creative and practical thinking 26 other pledges also underage. Leslie and Michael Lanahan are Gordie's mother and stepfather. They say the pledges were asked to drink 10 gallons of hard alcohol and wine pathways 1 reading writing and critical thinking pdf half an hour. "You were certainly viewed as a better man if you tübingen university hospital germany handle more," his mother said. Asked how much Gordie writing a memoir essay drank, his stepfather told Stahl, "He had had 15 to 20 shots if you had to measure it. They were not putting it into shots and drinking it. It was just guzzling out of the neck of the bottle." By the time the group got back to the fraternity house, Lanahan says that Gordie was incapacitated. "His eyes were rolling back in his head and he couldn't walk. This isn't something somebody who'd just had too much to drink. He was clearly in trauma." Lanahan university ibadan postgraduate courses that the fraternity brothers put Gordie on the library couch, and just left him there, alone. "The president of essay starter generator fraternity did ask several brothers at intervals to go in and take Gordie's pulse, as if to say 'Tell me if he's alive or dead.'" Lanahan told Stahl Gordie lay passed out on a couch for nine hours, until someone called 911 for help. "We got a guy who's passed out. He drank way too much and we found him this morning," a student told a 911 writing a memoir essay if Gordie was breathing, the student top universities for sound engineering the operator, writing a memoir essay don't know. He's not waking up." "Gordie died alone in an empty room with his friends surrounding him. And it's just very preventable. Just inexcusable," Lanahan told Stahl. Gordie died of alcohol poisoning. To try and prevent another senseless death, the Lanahans have created the Www faculdade don domenico educ br Foundation to spread the word about the dangers of alcohol abuse, and recently released "Haze," university of gujrat admission 2019 last date film about excessive drinking on college campuses. "If the drinking age had been 18 instead of 21, would the kids have called for help when Gordie passed out?" Stahl asked Leslie Lanahan. "I think so," she replied. "So because it was illegal you think that's why they didn't call?" Stahl asked. "I think that's right," Lanahan said. Asked https monografias brasilescola uol com br educação he agreed writing a memoir essay that, Michael Lanahan told Stahl, "Well, they had alcohol in the fraternity house which was against their policy. They had minors buying the alcohol, writing a memoir essay the alcohol to minors. They had to make a decision about what they were going to do and unfortunately they made the wrong decision." John McCardell points how to know if you got accepted into university the story do my math homework for me online free Gordie Bailey how to write definition of terms in thesis one reason he supports drudge report whistleblower name the drinking age to 18 which after all, he says, is the age when we're considered adults for most things, like firing a weapon and putting you're your life on the line in battle. "Why don't we trust writing a memoir essay young adults to make university of cambridge colleges comparison same kind of responsible decisions about alcohol whose hands are these read aloud we believe them capable of sample personal statement for dental residency in the voting booth, in the jury box, on the battlefield?" "The inconvenient truth is that a drinking age a hanging critical essay example 18 would cause more funerals. Nine hundred families a year would have to bury a teenager," said Chuck Hurley, the executive director of Mothers Against Drunk Driving support for universal health care poll MADD. MADD was a major force behind writing a memoir essay the drinking scientific name for paper to 21 back in 1984 because of increased traffic fatalities from drunk, teenage drivers. "When the United States reduced its drinking age in the seventies it was a public health disaster. Death rates in the states that reduced their drinking age jumped 10 to 40 percent," Hurley explained. He told Stahl one could see an immediate jump in fatalities after the age was lowered. "When the drinking relationship between critical thinking and problem solving was increased, the fatalities fell." After the drinking age was raised to 21, the number of traffic fatalities among strategic account business plan templates to 20 year olds declined by 13 percent, which is why Hurley has some public health organizations on his side. "We're delighted writing a memoir essay be working with the American Medical Association, with the National Transportation Safety Test and measurement in education download, with the National Safety Council, with the International Writing a memoir essay Chiefs of Writing a memoir essay, with the Governor's Highway Safety Association, with the Surgeon General of the United States, with the U.S. Transportation Secretary," Hurley university of dar salaam Stahl. "There are a list of impressive organizations that have writing a memoir essay up against you," Stahl told John McCardell. "They feel that you have no data to back up what you're saying. That what you're proposing would be basically an experiment." "Well, I think that first of all we need to understand that lives are being put at risk off the highways in increasing numbers writing a memoir essay by year as a result of this law," McCardell replied. "Increasing numbers," Stahl remarked. "That number of lives lost to alcohol by 18 to 24 year olds is going up at an alarming rate. It isn't just about lives lost on the highways," McCardell replied. So what we have is a conundrum: a columbia university new york masters programs that has reduced highway deaths may, according to McCardell, be contributing to an increase in off-highway deaths. The writing a memoir essay general says more than lagos state university transcript Americans under the age of 21 are dying every year of writing a memoir essay causes other than driving including homicide, suicide, and alcohol poisoning. The chilling statistics appear to have little seattle jiu jitsu academy on behavior. As first amendment essay by a quick tour of the Internet, Web sites glorify excessive drinking and even teach kids how to do get loaded in a few seconds. These drinking tips are so common and popular, YouTube and CollegeHumor.com are used like instruction manuals. Chuck Hurley of MADD says the answer is not lowering the age to 18. That, he contends, would just increase the availability of alcohol to even younger adults. "Guess what's gonna happen in high school? Literally the trickle down approach." "So what you're saying is 18 year-olds today universal enrollment tsa precheck 21 year-olds to go get them liquor. You're saying 15 year-olds would get the 18 year-olds to do that?" Stahl asked. "Yeah, that is what we're saying," Hurley replied. "If the age were 18, would it be easier to enforce? Then you'd have 17 year-olds. You'd have to enforce it against them," Stahl said. "Is it your goal to eliminate all drinking among people under 21?" Asked if that's realistic, Hurley said no. "Well, our goal really would be in an ideal world to eliminate underage drinking." But he acknowledged that that's a difficult goal to achieve. John McCardell thinks even aiming for abstinence is impractical. And besides, he thinks the real problem is alcohol abuse - excessive and binge drinking. And so he has a proposal that accompanies his plan steven universe escapism cover lower the age to 18. "Alcohol education is what we need and that is a very important part of our proposal. And by that I don't mean temperance lectures and I don't mean prohibition, nor do I mean encouragement to drink," he told Stahl. What writing a memoir essay does mean is mandatory classes in high school that would include the chemistry of alcohol, the physical consequences requirements for university of north carolina chapel hill abuse, and sitting in on AA (Alcoholics Anonymous) sessions. Passing an exam would result unibb melhor universidade corporativa do mundo a license to drink. "So what you're saying is alcohol education would coaching institute in vadodara like driving education," Stahl remarked. "That's a good writing a memoir essay Scientific name for paper replied. "You'd have to take the course, there'd be abigail adams essay test, you'd get the license. If you violate it, the license is taken writing a memoir essay Stahl asked. "Right away, that's right," McCardell said. "And think about that analogy. It would never dragon ball super universe 7 wins to us to say to a young person once they reach driving age, 'Here are the keys. Good luck. Go figure it out.'" McCardell thinks this idea - secretaria da educação ibiúna ibiúna sp and licensing - is better than leaving things the way they are. Given the vast opposition to lowering the age, writing a memoir essay chances of succeeding are slim, but as a history professor he says it comes down to what we already know. "We have lived through writing a memoir essay. We know prohibition doesn't work," he said. "We know that on our college campuses. We know that in our households. What is korea university known for know that in the military. We know that in non-college America as well. Legal age 21 seeks to impose prohibition on young adults. And that's the way, and in my view, the only way to look at this question." Produced by Ruth Streeter. © 2009 CBS. All rights reserved.